The variation of boiling point with pressure
Trouton's rule
( F. Trouton. Nature 1883, 27, 292.) states that the entropy of vaporisation has almost the same
value for many different liquids. Starting from this rule, and a liquid's boiling point at a particular pressure,
the boiling point at any other pressure can be estimated. The yellow line on the applet shows the result of this calculation.
Some common substances deviate from Trouton's rule. Water and methane have unusually high and unusually low entropies of
vaporisation. The results of calculations using these values are also shown on the applet (in blue and grey, respectively),
to illustrate the uncertainty in the calculations.
The best results come from the TroutonHildebrandEverett rule, and these are shown in green.
 Blue  Trouton's rule modified for water
 Yellow  Trouton's rule
 Grey  Trouton's rule modified for methane
 Green  if the initial pressure is atmospheric pressure, a green line
corresponding to the TroutonHildebrandEverett rule is also drawn. In the
absence of other information, this line is the best guess.
Enter a known initial pressure and associated boiling point,
and click the button just below. It is best to enter the boiling
point at atmospheric pressure, if this is known. If it is not
known, the program will estimate this value using the THE rule.
Click on the graph to trace
along the resulting vapourpressurecurve, or enter either the
new temperature or pressure in the fields beneaththe graph and
click calculate  if both fields have numbers in them the new
pressure is calculated by default. The units of pressure can
be changed between kPa and mmHg by clicking the kPa/mmHg button.
J. M. Goodman, P. D. Kirby, and L. O. Haustedt Tetrahedron Lett. 2000, 41, 98799882.
