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   Boltzmann Factors

Boltzmann Factors

Paul Kirby

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Click on the graph to find the ratio expected for a particular energy difference. The temperature (in Kelvin) may be adjusted using the scroll bar. Zero degrees Celsius is 273.15 K. Enter numbers into two of the text boxes and click calculate to find the third number. If all three boxes are filled, the ratio will be overwritten.

J. M. Goodman, P. D. Kirby, and L. O. Haustedt Tetrahedron Lett. 2000, 41, 9879-9882.

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department of chemistry University of Cambridge